Protesters assembled at the Central Bank at about 5pm and then marched to the Dáil.
The protest, organised by the Campaign Against Household and Water Taxes, was timed to take place ahead of the start of the Dáil summer recess.
Socialist TD Joe Higgins was among those who addressed the demonstration.
Speaking to RTÉ’s Drivetime he said the campaign against the charge was extensively organised in every county in the State, and was being driven by mass opposition to the injustice of austerity.
Mr Higgins said 50% of householders were boycotting the charge.